Us Embassy and Consulates in Pakistan Issued a report on Human Right Activies in Pakistan 2018. Here is its Executive Summary. Full Report link is Also Available
Pakistan a federal parliamentary republic. In July the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf
(PTI) party won the most National Assembly seats in the general elections, and in
August PTI’s Imran Khan became prime minister. While independent observers
noted technical improvements in the Election Commission of Pakistan’s
management of the polling process itself, observers, civil society organizations and
political parties raised concerns about pre-election interference by military and
intelligence agencies that created an uneven electoral playing field. Some political
parties also alleged significant polling day irregularities occurred.
The military and intelligence services nominally reported to civilian authorities but
essentially operated without effective civilian oversight.
Human rights issues included credible reports of extrajudicial and targeted killings;
forced disappearances; torture; arbitrary and lengthy pretrial detention; arbitrary or
unlawful interference with privacy; censorship, site-blocking, and arbitrary
restrictions on journalists’ freedom of movement; severe harassment and
intimidation of and high-profile attacks against journalists and media
organizations; government restrictions on freedom of peaceful assembly and
association, including overly restrictive nongovernmental organizations (NGO)
laws; restrictions on religious freedom and discrimination against members of
religious minority groups; restrictions on freedom of movement; corruption within
the government; recruitment and use of child soldiers by nonstate militant groups;
lack of criminal investigations or accountability for cases related to rape, sexual
harassment, so-called honor crimes, female genital mutilation/cutting, and violence
based on gender, gender identity and sexual orientation; legal prohibitions of
consensual same-sex sexual conduct; forced and bonded labor and transnational
trafficking in persons; and the worst forms of child labor.
There was a lack of government accountability, and abuses often went unpunished,
fostering a culture of impunity among the perpetrators, whether official or
unofficial. Authorities seldom punished government officials for human rights
Terrorist violence and human rights abuses by nonstate actors contributed to
human rights problems. Military, police, and law enforcement agencies continued
to carry out significant campaigns against militant and terrorist groups.
Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2018
United States Department of State • Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor
Nevertheless, violence, abuse, and social and religious intolerance by militant
organizations and other nonstate actors, both local and foreign, contributed to a
culture of lawlessness. As of December 23, terrorism fatalities stood at 686, in
comparison with 1,260 total fatalities in 2017, according to the South Asia
Terrorism Portal, a database compiled by the public-interest advocacy organization
Institute for Conflict Management, which collects statistics on terrorism and low
intensity warfare in South Asia.